Unit 9: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 15 vocabulary words below.
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automated
operated without the use of labor
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The production line is fully automated so doesn’t need any human operators.
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breakdown
a failure to work or operate
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The company replaced all of the photocopiers as they were having problems with breakdowns.
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breakthrough
an sudden discovery or development
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A lot of people say that the most important breakthrough of the last century was the Internet.
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centralize
to move under the control of one authority or to one location
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The company has centralized the human resources department so now we have to contact our head office to speak to our human resource representative.
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device
a machine or piece of equipment which was made for a specific function
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The most important device for the modern businessman is his smart phone.
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facilitate
to help or make easier
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There are many examples where technology has facilitated doing business.
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forecast
to estimate or predict in advance
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The sales manager forecasted sales of 3.2 million.
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intranet
a private computer network within an organization
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The company intranet contains a list of employees with their telephone numbers.
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monitor
to check the quality or content of
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We need to monitor the situation carefully.
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outsource
to delegate a task to an outside company
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A lot of European companies outsource work to Indian firms to reduce costs.
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overcome
to successfully deal with a problem
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The management overcame the problem of poor employee motivation by offering staff incentives.
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streamline
to make more efficient by reducing wastage
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The new manager streamlined the department.
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techie
a person with a wide knowledge of computers
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You should ask Mark to set up your new email account. He is a real techie.
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telecommuting
working from home via the Internet
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Telecommuting is a good solution for people who are unable to get to the office everyday.
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video conferencing
to communicate between two locations using software which allows the speakers to see and hear each other
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Multi-national corporations can save a large amount of money by video conferencing instead of sending staff to attend meetings in foreign countries.
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