Medicine Unit 15: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 20 vocabulary words below.
absorb
to take up or be received by chemical interaction
The cream is absorbed directly into the skin.
active ingredient
the chemically active part of a drug
Benadryl's active ingredient is diphenhydramine.
contraindications
something which makes a particular course of treatment unadvisable.
Most drugs contain a list of contraindications on the instructions.
dietary supplement
a product containing ingredients with nutritional value, designed to compensate for a lack of this ingredient in a person's diet
More and more people are taking dietary supplements to ensure that they meet the recommended daily allowance of vitamins and minerals.
discontinue
to cease or stop
You should discontinue taking the tablets if you feel any shortness of breath.
drops
a liquid medicine which is given in the form of globules
Eye-drops are the most common medication for treating infections in the eye.
drowsiness
the state of feeling tired
Thousands of drivers each year are killed because of drowsiness.
effervescence tablet
a tablet which dissolves in water giving off small bubbles
Effervescence tablets are one of the most popular forms of vitamin supplement.
fill a prescription
to validate and supply the required items of a prescription
I took the prescription to my local pharmacist who filled it.
generic
a product which is directly comparable to a brand name but without trademark
Generic drugs are usually much lower in cost than brand name drugs.
liniment
a liquid or semi-liquid preparation which is applied directly to the skin
Liniments are most commonly used in the treatment of bruises or sprains.
nasal
of or relating to the nose
When they examined the boy, they realized he had a small plastic car stuck in his nasal cavity.
numb
without physical sensation or the ability to move
His hands were numb from the cold.
orally
done, taken or administered through the mouth
Pills and tablets are usually taken orally.
over-the-counter
without a doctors' prescription but within the law
A lot of over-the-counter medicines can now be bought online.
side effects
a negative or detrimental effect which accompanies a drugs intended effect
Patients often feel quite concerned when they see a long list of possible side effects.
suppository
a solid mass of medicinal substance which melts when inserted into the rectum or vagina
Suppositories are often used to treat infants for whom orally administered treatment is not an option.
tincture
a solution of alcohol and animal, vegetable or chemical drugs
Most herbal extracts in the form of liquids are tinctures.
topical
local, applied externally to a specific part of the body
Topical anesthetics are used to relieve pain from sunburn, burns and insect bites
transdermal
applied to the skin for absorption into the blood stream
Nicotine patches are the most common transdermal patches in the US.
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