Medical Unit 8: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 19 vocabulary words below.
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anesthesiologist
a physician specialized in the practice of administering drugs that cause insensibility to pain
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Before surgery, an anesthesiologist will administer propofol.
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aspirate
to draw in by suction
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Aspirate the suspension using a 5ml syringe.
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cosmetic
related to the improvement of appearance
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Nowadays even young and attractive people decide to undergo cosmetic surgery to improve their looks.
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drain
a tube which carries liquid away from your body
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We must replace the drain as it's leaking.
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effective
bringing desired results
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Unfortunately, the treatment isn't effective so we have to reexamine our diagnosis.
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emergency
a sudden and possibly dangerous situation which requires immediate action
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The A&E department deals with all emergencies.
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explanatory
intended to help you understand something else
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I found the explanatory article on the new treatment very interesting.
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keyhole
related to surgery performed through a small opening
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The advantages of keyhole surgery to the patient include reduced pain and hemorrhaging.
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neurosurgery
the area of medicine concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system
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Diagnostic methods used in neurosurgery include computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.
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operating room
a hospital room with special equipment where surgeries are performed
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Madam, your husband is currently being operated on in the second floor operating room.
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operation
the process of cutting into somebody's body and altering the internals
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In the case of the injury of internal organs, surgeons have to perform an operation on the patient.
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orthopedic surgeon
a medical professional who deals with the treatment of injuries of bones
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After consulting the orthopedic surgeon, Mr Jones felt much happier about the proposed procedure.
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prepping
the act of preparing for something
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When the nurse had finished prepping the patient, the surgery began.
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reconstructive surgery
surgery aimed at restoring the form and function of the body
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Many victims of serious traffic accidents undergo reconstructive surgery of the face.
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scrub up
to wash hands and forearms thoroughly before surgery
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Dr. Savage has been dismissed as he forgot to scrub up before operating.
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sterile
completely clean and without any bacteria
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Make sure the surgical equipment your team will be using is sterile.
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suture
a stitch used for closing a cut or wound
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Sutures are usually applied using a needle.
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swab
a small piece of cotton used to clean an injury
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Clean the wound with a sterile swab before applying suture.
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vascular surgeon
a specialist who deals with the diseases of arteries and veins
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Vascular surgeons are trained in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting all parts of the vascular system except for the heart and grain.
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