Surgery is a branch of medicine concerned with treating diseases
and injuries by means of operative intervention, which means a
surgeon operates on a patient in order to treat an injury, improve
the functions of the body or the patient's appearance.
The word 'surgery' originally comes from Greek, in which
language it means 'hand work'. This is actually a very adequate
name, as a lot of procedures are performed in an operating room
manually, with the use of modern tools and medical devices.
Let's have a look at some of the common types of surgeries,
circumstances when surgeries are necessary, the professionals
involved in them and the equipment used. When there has been a
traffic accident and an injured person is brought to the hospital's
A&E department, emergency surgery might be required, i.e. one
which has not been planned and arranged by the hospital's staff.
The patient is usually rushed into the operating room where doctors
perform the surgery.
Before doctors begin the operation, they have to scrub up and
make sure that the tools & equipment used are sterile. If
necessary, drains are placed to remove blood from wounds. After
the surgery has finished, a suture is applied to hold tissues and
skin together and the patient is taken to the recovery room where
his or her health is monitored.
Most kinds surgery are known as reconstructive surgery,
because by means of an operation, surgeons attempt to restore the
anatomy, function or appearance of the body. For instance, the aim
of the work of an orthopedic surgeon is to restore the functions
of injured bones or muscles, whereas of a vascular surgeon is to
treat the conditions of arteries and veins. Neurosurgery, on the
other hand, involves those surgical procedures that are carried out
in order to treat the disorders affecting constituents of a human
nervous system, for example the brain, spinal cord or nerves.
The saying 'fine feathers make fine birds' is taking on
significance nowadays and the way we look is at least as important
as what we say or do, so cosmetic surgery is becoming more and
more popular. People decide to undergo this type of surgery if they
want the appearance of a particular body part, e.g. the nose, ear
or breast, to be improved. This type of surgery is always planned,
so there is some prepping to be done before, for example
arranging time off work for the operation and recovery. In most
cases local anesthesia is used before the operation. An
anesthesiologist will administer a drug to suppress the feeling
of pain. As the drug is normally liquid, this may be done using a
syringe. Firstly the physician disinfects the patients' skin with
an alcohol swab, then aspirates the necessary amount of the
liquid and injects it into the body part which the surgeon will
operate on. If the surgery is effective, it will not only make
the patient look better, but also might boost their self-esteem and
allow them to lead a happier life.
WE'RE SORRY, BUT YOUR FREE VIEWS HAVE RUN OUT!
Please register or log in to continue.
We are happy that you like our content. We really are.
However, in order to provide a good service we need to charge a small licensing fee.
We have worked hard to create a great English learning experience for both
teachers and students. Thank you for supporting us.
Not convinced? Read our reviews and testimonials.
Create an account