Unit 51: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 20 vocabulary words below.
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abrasion
an area of skin damaged by scratching or scraping
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The abrasion on her arm soon healed after it was cleaned and covered with a light bandage.
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chloasma
a temporary condition in which large brown patches form on the skin
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Pregnant women are especially susceptible to chloasma due to the hormonal changes.
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concomitant
happening or given at the same time
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Where symptoms are concomitant, it can be harder to identify the cause.
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decubitus ulcers
bedsores
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Decubitus ulcers can be avoided by changing position frequently.
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dermabrasion
the removal of scars from the skin
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Dermabrasion is not advisable for people with a darker complexion.
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dermatome
a metal tool used to cut skin for skin grafts
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The surgeon cut into the skin using a dermatome.
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discontinue
stop using
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The doctor advised me to discontinue the medication if a rash developed.
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eczema
an itchy skin rash
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It is possible for eczema to appear anywhere but it is most common on the elbows.
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epidermis
the external layer of skin
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Fortunately, it was a first degree burn so only the epidermis was burnt.
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herpes
small blisters on the skin caused by the herpesvirus
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Genital herpes is one of the most common STDs.
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intradermally
applied or given into the skin
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Local anesthetics are given intradermally.
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keratin
a protein found in hair, nails and skin
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She takes keratin supplements as a remedy for her brittle hair.
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melanin
the pigment in the skin, hair and eyes
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Melanin is important in preventing skin cancer.
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pallor
an unusually pale appearance of the skin
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The pallor of his skin indicated a potential kidney problem.
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patch test
an allergy test relying on placing a series of allergens on the skin
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A patch test can help diagnose multiple allergies at one time.
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percutaneous
through the skin
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Percutaneous medication such as creams and lotions are used widely in skin treatments.
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scabies
a contagious skin disease caused by the skin mite
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Patients can use tea tree oil as an effective method of relieving the itch from scabies.
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scratch test
an allergy test relying on placing a series of allergens on the skin
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The scratch test showed an allergy to dust mites.
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stye
an inflamed swelling on the eyelid
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It is not advisable to pop a stye, but rather allow it to rupture on its own.
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xeroderma
extreme dryness of the skin
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Xeroderma can be aggravated by harsh soaps.
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