Unit 48: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 20 vocabulary words below.
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adenoids
enlarged tissue at the back of the nose
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Enlarged adenoids can cause a variety of problems connected to the ears, nose and throat.
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atrophy
the degeneration of cells causing decrease in size
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Muscle atrophy is a major problem for immobile patients
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binocular
connected to both eyes
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His short-sightedness is binocular.
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cephalalgia
headache
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She is prone to cephalalgia in the winter months.
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cephalic
of or connected to the head
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Most cephalic disorders come from a disturbance in the early development stages of the nervous system.
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cervicitis
an inflammation of the cervix
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It is easy to confuse cervicitis with vaginitis as they share common symptoms.
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concussion
unconsciousness or confusion as a result of a blow to the head
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Anyone thought to be suffering from a concussion should be taken to the hospital.
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contusion
a region of injured tissue, a bruise
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The contusion on his chest changed color from red to purple over the span of 24 hours.
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cyst
an abnormal sac or cavity containing liquid
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The majority of cysts are benign but it is also possible for a cyst to be malignant.
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dull
not acute
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As it was only a dull pain, he did not take any pain killers.
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eupnea
normal breathing
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A few minutes after the medication was administered he returned to eupnea.
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fungal
of or connected to fungi
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Athletes foot is a fungal infection normally treated with an over-the-counter medication.
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fungus
spore producing organisms feeding on organic matter
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Ringworm is actually caused by a fungus, not a worm.
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gastric ulcer
a sore in the stomach
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Alcohol is known to slow the healing of a gastric ulcer
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hiccups
involuntary spasms of the diaphragm
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The most common remedy for hiccups is to drink a glass of water quickly while holding your breath.
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migraine
a severe headache
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She is suffering from a migraine so she decided not to attend the rock concert.
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motility
having the ability to move
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The swelling in his knee seriously affected his motility.
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mucus
slimy fluid
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Dry air can irritate the nose and throat causing more mucus to be produced.
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paroxysm
a sudden attack of a disease
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His paroxysm of coughing hindered his breathing.
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sputum
a mixture of saliva and mucus
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The sputum analysis confirmed the presence of infection.
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