Unit 47: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 20 vocabulary words below.
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hyperplasia
an increased rate of reproduction of normal cells
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Hormonal hyperplasia occurs primarily in organs that depend on estrogen.
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hypertension
high blood pressure
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As he suffers from hypertension, he should try to avoid stressful situations.
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hyperventilation
the state of breathing too fast
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Try breathing slowly into a paper bag to control hyperventilation.
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hypopnea
weak or slow breathing
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Hypopnea occurs more frequently while the patient is sleeping.
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hypotension
low blood pressure
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It has been discovered that hypotension can be a hereditary condition.
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hypoxemia
the state of having an oxygen deficiency in the blood
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Hypoexmia causes blood oxygen levels to falls which can lead to shortness of breath.
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hypoxia
the state of having an oxygen deficiency in tissue
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Hypoxia from altitude sickness occurs gradually with symptoms including headache and dizziness.
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idiopathic
arising spontaneously and of unknown cause
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The drug was also approved to treat chronic idiopathic constipation.
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incontinence
not being able to control bowel or bladder actions
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The elderly are predisposed to incontinence due to physiological changes.
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mastalgia
abnormal pain in the breast
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Mastalgia often accompanies menstruation and can include sharp burning pain in the breast.
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myasthenia
weakness of the muscle
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Many serious conditions exhibit myasthenia as a symptom.
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neuralgia
pain in the nerves
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She experienced severe pain in her face from neuralgia
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paresis
partial paralysis or muscle weakness
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The surgeon said that the paresis would subside in a few days.
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pharyngitis
a sore throat
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A lot of people do not seek treatment for pharyngitis, as it tends to clear up on its own.
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pleural effusion
excess liquid in the chest
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After the pleural effusion was drained, the patient showed signs of improvement.
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polydipsia
excessive thirst
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Polydipsia is often the initial indicator of diabetes.
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pruritus
severe itching of the skin
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The pruritus was localized to the elbows and forearms.
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purpura
a rash of purple spots caused by internal bleeding
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Purpura commonly affects aging skin.
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pyuria
the presence of pus in the urine
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If you experience pyuria, you should contact your GP.
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rhinorrea
runny nose
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Rhinorrea is one of the more common symptoms of the common cold and flu.
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