Unit 45: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 20 vocabulary words below.
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acidosis
the condition of having too much acid in body fluids or tissue
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Lactic acidosis occurs when there is too much lactic acid in your body.
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adhesion
the atypical sticking of surfaces due to infection or inflammation
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Doctors typically diagnose adhesion during a surgical procedure such as laparoscopy.
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adrenalitis
the state of inflammation of the adrenal glands
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Autoimmune adrenalitis is the most common cause of Addison's disease.
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adrenopathy
a swelling of the adrenal glands
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Adrenopathy may indicate a cancerous presence.
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amenorrhea
having no menstrual period
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She didn’t realize she was pregnant because she has amenorrhea.
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angina pectoris
severe chest pain caused by an inadequate supply of blood and oxygen
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She was admitted into hospital with angina pectoris.
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ankylosis
abnormal stiffening of a joint
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Walking became more painful as the ankylosis in his knee developed further.
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anuria
the state of urine not being produced
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The treatment for anuria depends on its cause, such as diabetes or kidney stones.
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apepsia
without digestion
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Seeing that the patient was suffering with apepsia, the doctor order blood tests to determine the cause.
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aphagia
the state of being unable to swallow
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Even partial blockages in the throat can result in aphagia.
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aphasia
the state of not being able to understand or produce language
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A large percentage of stroke survivors experience aphasia.
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arrythmia
an irregular heartbeat
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A heart arrythmia can come from many reasons including something as simple as drinking too much coffee.
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ascites
the accumulation of fluid in the stomach
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Diuretics were used to treat the ascites in her abdomen.
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ataxia
the loss of full control of bodily movements
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Ataxia is one of the more visible signs of Parkinson’s disease.
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bp (blood pressure)
the pressure of blood in the circulatory system
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She measures her blood pressure every night.
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bradycardia
having an abnormally slow heartbeat
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He was fitted with a pacemaker to control his bradycardia.
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bradypepsia
having abnormally slow digestion
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Some people naturally have a mild form of bradypepsia.
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cardiodynia
a pain in the heart
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A cardiac exam was performed to determine the possible causes of her cardodynia.
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chondromalacia
the state of joint cartilage becoming softer
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Athletes commonly suffer from chondromalcia.
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constipation
reduction of, or difficulty in making bowel movements
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Eating a fiber rich diet is a natural cure for constipation.
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