Unit 44: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 20 vocabulary words below.
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abscess
a swollen area containing puss
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If the abscess ruptures, and the infection seems to clear up in a couple of days, your body should heal on its own.
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acoustic neuroma
an abnormal growth in the ear
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An acoustic neuroma can often affect balance and hearing.
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carbuncle
multiple boils on the skin
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Because of its infectious nature, a carbuncle can spread quickly
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cicatrix
the scar of a healed wound
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Her legs had a large cicatrix on the side from a childhood operation.
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cytoid
a cell like structure
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It is easy to mistake a cytoid for a cell.
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cytoplasm
any material inside a cell
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Mainly composed of water, salts, and proteins, cytoplasm is essential for the removal of waste material from a cell.
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duodenal ulcer
a sore in the first part of the small intestine
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Anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and aspirin can cause a duodenal ulcer.
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ganglion
an abnormal benign swelling on a tendon
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Your GP can perform aspiration of the ganglion in your wrist.
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hernia
a condition in which part of an organ is displaced and protrudes through the wall of the cavity 
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Lifting heavy objects is the leading cause of getting a hernia.
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lateral
moving toward or having to do with the side
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The surgeon made a lateral incision along the length of the abdomen.
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macro-
large or long
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He was scheduled for surgery after the discovery of a macro-growth.
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micro-
small or delicate
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There were several micro-fractures in the collar bone .
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neuroid
resembling a nerve or nerve tissue
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The growth was neuroid in appearance.
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palate
the top of the mouth
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He burned his palate while eating hot pizza.
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peptic ulcers
sores on the stomach lining
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Peptic ulcers, while not serious, can be very painful.
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proximal
closest
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His proximal rib was broken in the skiing accident.
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renal calculi
kidney stones
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The renal calculi didn’t respond to shock treatment so he had to wait until he passed them naturally.
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toxicity
the state of being toxic or poisonous
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The toxicity of the drug is only a problem in high doses.
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varicose veins
enlarged veins
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Varicose veins are most common in elderly women.
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verrucas
contagious warts on the sole of the foot
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Verrucas are highly contagious so you should not walk barefoot in public areas if you have them.
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