Unit 31: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 14 vocabulary words below.
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allergy
an intolerance or oversensitivity to a substance that results in a reaction
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She has a severe peanut allergy resulting in hives, redness, and swelling.
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cerebral
related to the principal and most anterior part of the brain
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It is believed that drugs like cocaine and ecstasy can cause a cerebral hemorrhage.
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cirrhosis
the degeneration of cells within the liver
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Heavy alcohol use can cause cirrhosis of the liver.
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deviated septum
the state of the inner wall of the nose not being central
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Rectifying a deviated septum is only a minor operation.
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epilepsy
a neurological disorder marked by unpredictable seizures
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Epilepsy can develop at any age but is more common in children.
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hyperkinesis
muscle spasm
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He suffered from mild hyperkinesis in his legs.
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ileus
a blockage in the intestine
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Berries, nuts and seeds should all be avoided while you have an ileus.
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myopathy
a disease of muscle tissue
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The goals of myopathy treatment are to slow progression of the disease and relieve symptoms.
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necrosis
the death of cells in skin or tissue
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The homeless man suffered necrosis from frostbite.
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neuropathy
disease or dysfunction of one or more peripheral nerves
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After neuropathy has developed, few kinds are completely curable, but early treatment can manage symptoms.
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paralysis
the loss of ability to move or feel in a specific limb or region
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He was delighted when he heard that the paralysis would pass quickly.
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photophobia
extreme sensitivity to light
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He wears dark glasses because of his photophobia.
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sciatica
pain affecting the back, hip and outside of the leg
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She takes muscle relaxants to reduce the pain from her sciatica.
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spina bifida
a birth defect where the spine does not fully develop
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Treatment for movement problems can be started soon after a baby with spina bifida is born.
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