Unit 30: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 20 vocabulary words below.
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acne
a skin condition common in adolescents resulting in red pimples especially on the face
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There are many creams available to treat acne.
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albino
deficient in pigment, white
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Both of his parents were albino, so it was little surprise when he was born with the same condition.
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Alzheimer's disease
a condition causing mental confusion
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Memory loss is one of the early indicators of Alzheimer's disease.
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aortic stenosis
a constriction of the aorta as it leaves the heart
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Aortic stenosis can cause chest pain, fainting, and heart failure leading to shortness of breath.
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asthma
a disorder which causes difficulty in breathing
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A lot of children grow out of asthma as they mature.
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autoimmune disease
a condition in which the immune system attacks the body
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There are currently over 80 known types of autoimmune disease.
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bulimia
an eating disorder in which a person vomits after eating
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Girls and younger women are more at risk of bulimia.
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carpal tunnel syndrome
a pinched nerve in the wrist casing severe pain
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Rates of carpal tunnel syndrome have been increasing as more and more people work with computers.
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cataract
the condition of the lens of the eye becoming cloudy
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His eye-sight worsened due to the cataract.
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CP (cerebral palsy)
a brain disorder which results in difficulty moving
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People with cerebral palsy often attend long-term physiotherapy.
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cor pulmonale
heart disease or failure caused by a disorder of the lungs
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Cor pulmonale most commonly arises from complications from high blood pressure.
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CF (cystic fibrosis)
genetic gland disorder resulting in digestive and lung problems
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Although incurable, treatments for managing the symptoms of cystic fibrosis are improving over time.
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heart murmur
sound caused by abnormal flow of blood through the heart
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By listening to the heart, the doctor detected a heart murmur.
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hemophilia
the condition in which the ability of the blood to clot is severely reduced.
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Hemophilia is an inherited condition but it can skip a generation.
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hypocalcemia
the state of having a calcium deficiency in the blood
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In mild cases of hypocalcemia there may be no symptoms.
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hypocapnia
the state of having a deficiency of carbon dioxide in the blood
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Hypocapnia usually results from deep or rapid breathing.
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hypoglycemia
the state of having a sugar deficiency in the blood
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The blood tests showed signs of hypoglyceima .
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irritable bowel syndrome
a condition involving recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhea or constipation
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Irritable bowel syndrome is a very uncomfortable condition involving alternating bouts of constipation and diarrhea.
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neurosis
an emotional or mental disorder
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She spoke with a therapist about her neurosis of chronic anxiety.
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tuberculosis
an infectious bacterial disease resulting in a serious lung disorder
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Young children are usually vaccinated against tuberculosis.
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