Unit 30: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 20 vocabulary words below.
UK
acne
a skin condition common in adolescents resulting in red pimples especially on the face
UK
There are many creams available to treat acne.
UK
albino
deficient in pigment, white
UK
Both of his parents were albino, so it was little surprise when he was born with the same condition.
UK
Alzheimer's disease
a condition causing mental confusion
UK
Memory loss is one of the early indicators of Alzheimer's disease.
UK
aortic stenosis
a constriction of the aorta as it leaves the heart
UK
Aortic stenosis can cause chest pain, fainting, and heart failure leading to shortness of breath.
UK
asthma
a disorder which causes difficulty in breathing
UK
A lot of children grow out of asthma as they mature.
UK
autoimmune disease
a condition in which the immune system attacks the body
UK
There are currently over 80 known types of autoimmune disease.
UK
bulimia
an eating disorder in which a person vomits after eating
UK
Girls and younger women are more at risk of bulimia.
UK
carpal tunnel syndrome
a pinched nerve in the wrist casing severe pain
UK
Rates of carpal tunnel syndrome have been increasing as more and more people work with computers.
UK
cataract
the condition of the lens of the eye becoming cloudy
UK
His eye-sight worsened due to the cataract.
UK
CP (cerebral palsy)
a brain disorder which results in difficulty moving
UK
People with cerebral palsy often attend long-term physiotherapy.
UK
cor pulmonale
heart disease or failure caused by a disorder of the lungs
UK
Cor pulmonale most commonly arises from complications from high blood pressure.
UK
CF (cystic fibrosis)
genetic gland disorder resulting in digestive and lung problems
UK
Although incurable, treatments for managing the symptoms of cystic fibrosis are improving over time.
UK
heart murmur
sound caused by abnormal flow of blood through the heart
UK
By listening to the heart, the doctor detected a heart murmur.
UK
hemophilia
the condition in which the ability of the blood to clot is severely reduced.
UK
Hemophilia is an inherited condition but it can skip a generation.
UK
hypocalcemia
the state of having a calcium deficiency in the blood
UK
In mild cases of hypocalcemia there may be no symptoms.
UK
hypocapnia
the state of having a deficiency of carbon dioxide in the blood
UK
Hypocapnia usually results from deep or rapid breathing.
UK
hypoglycemia
the state of having a sugar deficiency in the blood
UK
The blood tests showed signs of hypoglycemia.
UK
irritable bowel syndrome
a condition involving recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhea or constipation
UK
Irritable bowel syndrome is a very uncomfortable condition involving alternating bouts of constipation and diarrhea.
UK
neurosis
an emotional or mental disorder
UK
She spoke with a therapist about her neurosis of chronic anxiety.
UK
tuberculosis
an infectious bacterial disease resulting in a serious lung disorder
UK
Young children are usually vaccinated against tuberculosis.
Go to Unit Activities