Medical Unit 3: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 20 vocabulary words below.
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A&E (accident and emergency)
a department which treats patients with serious illnesses or injuries, especially life-threatening ones
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She was taken to A&E on suspicion of appendicitis.
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anesthetic
a substance which causes lack of awareness or feeling, thus permitting surgery or other painful procedures
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Before we begin, you will be administered a local anesthetic.
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cardiology
the study and treatment of heart disorders
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If you suffer from chest pains or find it difficult to breathe at times, please consult a cardiology specialist.
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clinic
a part of a hospital where outpatients come for diagnosis and treatment
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Please confirm your appointment by phone two days before coming to the clinic.
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geriatrics
the study, treatment and care of old people
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Geriatrics’ main goal is to promote health in old age by preventing and treating diseases.
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gynecology
the branch of medicine in which doctors study and treat medical conditions which affect women and their reproductive organs
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Due to high infertility rate, gynecology has become a highly sought-after specialization.
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inpatient
a person who stays in the hospital for the time of treatment
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As all the hospital wards are full, we cannot take any inpatients right now.
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ICU (intensive care unit )
a ward where patients who are seriously ill are closely monitored
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He suffered from such serious injuries in the motorbike crash that he was taken to the Intensive Care Unit.
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maternity ward
a place for pregnant women or women who have just given birth
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The maternity ward is a place where women give birth to babies.
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neonatal
related to the period after birth, especially the first 4 weeks after birth
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When a baby is born prematurely, it is taken care of in a neonatal unit.
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neurology
a specialty concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the nervous system
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If you want to specialize in neurology, you need to be knowledgeable about the brain, the spinal cord and the nerves.
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oncology
the field of medicine concerned with the study, treatment of prevention of cancer
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After noticing an abnormal spot, lump or ulcer on your skin, contact the nearest oncology unit immediately.
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outpatient
a person who does not stay in the hospital but comes to a clinic or surgery for a treatment
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The neurology clinic is attended by a lot of outpatients suffering from nervous system disorders.
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palliative care
medical care which does not provide a cure for a disease, but reduces its severity or slows its progress
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Patients suffering from fatal diseases often require palliative care.
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pharmacy
a place where drugs and medicines are prepared and sold
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Go to the pharmacy to replenish the stock of barbiturates.
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physiotherapy
the treatment of injuries by doing special exercises
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Physiotherapy is recommended after any kind of back injury.
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psychiatric
related to the treatment and prevention of mental illnesses
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Patients who might behave aggressively towards others are kept in closed psychiatric hospitals.
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surgery
a kind of treatment in which a doctor cuts into somebody’s body in order to remove or repair the damaged or diseased organs
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All surgeries are performed in the operating room on the second floor.
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university hospital
an institution which combines the services of a hospital with the education of medical students and medical research
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Working in a university hospital is the best way for future doctors to learn and gain practical experience.
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ward
a large hospital room with beds for patients to stay
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Our wards have been equipped with modern life functions monitoring equipment.
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