Unit 27: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 19 vocabulary words below.
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alopecia
loss of hair in the top of the head due to genetics and/or hormones
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There are several treatments for alopecia including pills and lotions.
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coma
a prolonged state of deep unconsciousness
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She was in a coma for 37 days before she woke up.
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conscious
the state of being awake and aware
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During a local anesthetic you remain fully conscious.
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diuretic
medication used to force excess water out of the body in the form of urine
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As he had difficulty urinating, he was given a diuretic.
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excretion
the process of expelling a substance from the body
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An excretion from the human body can come in one of three forms: gas, liquid and solid.
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feces
waste matter expelled from the body during bowel movements
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A wide range of biological information can be gathered by studying feces.
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humeral
related or connected to the upper part of the arm
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The skin discoloration and pain in the patient's arm indicated a humeral fracture.
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intraocular
inside of the eye
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You can expect a slight burning sensation during an intraocular injection.
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medial
moving toward or having to do with the middle
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The middle toe is located at the medial point of the foot.
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menopause
the period in a woman’s life when menstruation stops
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Many women experience depression during menopause.
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menstrual period
the time of menstruation
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The regular menstrual period is 28 days long.
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micturate
urinate
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He claimed that he felt a burning sensation when he needed to micturate.
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miotics
substances which constricts the pupil
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Miotics are often used to reduce pressure in the eye.
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mydriatics
substances that dilate the pupil
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Mydriatics such as tropicamide are used by doctors to examine the pupil.
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myopia
the state of being short-sighted or near-sighted
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Myopia, also known as near-sightedness, is the most common vision impairment.
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puberty
the period during which sex organs develop
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Puberty or adolescence can be a very difficult period of intense change in a young persons life.
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urinary
related or connected to passing liquid waste
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The human urinary system includes the kidneys, bladder and urethra.
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urinary retention
abnormal accumulation of liquid waste
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There are many causes of urinary retention which require medical attention.
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urination
the act of passing liquid waste
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During urination liquid waste passes through the urethra and outside the body.
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