Unit 26: Vocabulary

To pass this unit, please study the 18 vocabulary words below.
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angiography
the repair of a blood vessel by stitching
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Angiography was used to stop the leakage of the blood vessel.
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angioma
an abnormal growth produced by the formation of new blood vessels
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Angiomas are benign growths which are normally harmless.
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angioplasty
surgical repair to widen a blood vessel
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As angioplasties are such common procedures, the risk of complications is minimal.
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bypass
an alternative channel from one blood vessel to another to get around a blockage
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The surgeons fitted an artificial bypass during the surgery.
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capillaries
small blood vessels
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The red lines on his cheeks and nose indicated that some of the capillaries had burst.
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cerebral thrombosis
a blood clot in the brain
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Cerebral thrombosis is an unusual form of stroke as it affects younger people more than older.
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clot
a thick mass of liquid stuck together
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A blood clot forms to try to repair damage to a blood vessel.
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crossmatch
a blood test to see if a transfusion is possible
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All of the family had a crossmatch test carried out to check for a viable donor.
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DVT (deep vein thrombosis)
a venal clot normally occurring in the leg
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The largest risk of deep vein thrombosis is that the clot will move to the heart or brain.
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embolus
a blockage formed by a blood clot, foreign object, or other bodily substance getting stuck in a blood vessel
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He takes anticoagulants to prevent an embolus from forming in his lungs.
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erythrocytes
oxygen carrying cells in the blood
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A deficiency in erythrocytes can cause fatigue and dizziness.
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extravasation
leakage of blood into tissue
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Redness and blistering are common signs that extravasation is taking place.
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hematemesis
the vomiting of blood
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Severe loss of blood from hematemesis can cause a patient to go into shock.
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hemorrhage
an escape of blood from a ruptured blood vessel.
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The injury caused a massive hemorrhage in the brain.
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plasma
the colorless, fluid part of blood
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Plasma transfusions are used to replace blood proteins and prevent bleeding.
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pulmonary embolism
a blood clot in the lungs
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Patients with a high likelihood of pulmonary embolisms should undergo diagnostic imaging.
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thrombus
an unwanted clot formed in the vascular system which reduces the flow of blood
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Smokers have an increased risk of developing an intravascular thrombus.
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uremia
the accumulation of poisons in the blood after kidney failure
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Chronic kidney disease causes uremia.
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